Words: Anne Schauffer Image: Supplied

When you’re property shopping, understand and budget for the costs over and above the purchase price. They shouldn’t come as a surprise, but rather be considered part and parcel of the buying process and cost.

There are a number of costs covering different “functions” of the process. The major advantage today is you can access the costing online, so you have a good estimate from day one. Once the process gets underway, some conveyancers, such as Meumann White, allow you to track your property transfer. Everything’s transparent.

What costs are involved?

They are the property transfer registration costs; if the purchaser requires a bond to be registered over the property there are bond registration fees; and transfer duty.

Who are they paid to?

The property transfer fees and disbursements are paid to the property transfer attorney (otherwise called a conveyancer), usually appointed by the seller to transfer ownership to the purchaser. This cost varies and is dependent on the purchase price. The costs payable to the property transfer attorney comprises the conveyancer’s fees plus VAT, the transfer duty payable to Sars, estimated rates, levies and other standard disbursements. If the purchase price of the property is less than R900,000, you’re exempt from paying transfer duty.
The bond registration costs are paid to the bond registration attorney (this could be the same firm that is attending to the property transfer registration).

If the seller had a bond registered over the property, that bond has to be cancelled. In which case a bond cancellation attorney is instructed by the bank which initially gave the seller a loan. These bond cancellation costs are paid by the seller.

How to work it out

Rhys Dyer, CEO of bond originators ooba, urges buyers to access ooba’s easy online bond and transfer costs calculator. Input your property price and size of home loan, and you’ll have the relevant acquisition costs within seconds. Dyer believes education around these costs is vital, and should be understood and budgeted for before shopping for a property. These costs cannot usually be included in the loan applied to for the purchase price.

“Depending entirely on the circumstances of the buyer,” says Dyer, “first-time homeowners can get up to a 104% bond for a property being sold for R1m or less. Securing more than a 100% bond, the home loan financing is likely to cover the cost of the property, as well as the transfer duty and related start-up costs such as conveyancing fees, bond registration costs and the cost of valuing the property. That means they’ll have enough to cover the monthly home loan repayment without paying a deposit. Each case is looked at individually, and the banks (only two currently do this) generally only do this for clients who earn below a certain earnings threshold – currently about R23,000 per month. The customer would need to have sufficient affordability and a strong payment history.”

Raising funds

For those who don’t qualify, saving for a deposit and costs can be challenging. “We advise customers to start saving for these costs around two years before they intend buying a property. Change your lifestyle and spending habits, so you have extra to save every month, plus any bonuses or gifts. If you haven’t done this, other options are to use some of the profit you’re making on selling your existing property; borrow against your pension fund; consider the financing or re-financing of a movable asset such as your vehicle; or if you’re not selling your existing property, draw against your access bond facility or take a bond on this property if it’s currently unbonded; consider applying for a personal loan; try selling unwanted and unused goods; and finally, perhaps borrow these costs from your parents – they may even consider ‘gifting’ these funds as an early inheritance,” Dyer says.

Those unhidden costs unpacked

The two main costs for a purchaser are therefore:
• the bond registration attorney’s costs and disbursements
• the property transfer attorney’s costs and disbursements – which includes the transfer duty payable to Sars, estimated rates payable to the municipality, estimated levies (in the case of sectional title), deeds office fees, and other sundry and petty items

If the price of your new home is R2,5m, and you’ve been approved for a home loan of R2m, your total costs, estimated by the ooba calculator, including VAT, are R179,608.

It can be broken down like this:

Bond registration costs (incl VAT) R36,710
Bond registration cost (incl VAT) R29,187
Bank initiation fee (incl VAT) * R6,038
Post, petties, Fica and other fees (incl VAT) *** R1,485

 

Transfer costs (incl VAT) R142,898
Property transfer costs (incl VAT) R33,413
Transfer duty ** R108,000
Post, petties, Fica and other fees (incl VAT) *** R1,485

* This is a once-off bank fee. Certain lenders may charge a higher amount for juristic entities e.g. companies and trusts
** If the seller is a VAT vendor, there will be VAT payable on the purchase price
*** Approximation

Sars table for transfer duty

1 March 2018 – 28 February 2019

​Value of the property (R) ​Rate
0 – 900,000 0%
900,001 – 1,250,000 3% of the value above R900,000
1,250,001 – 1,750,000 R10,500 + 6% of the value above R 1,25m
1,750,001 – 2,250,000 R40,500 + 8% of the value above R 1,75m
2,250,001 – 10,000 000 R80,500 +11% of the value above R2,25m
10 000 001 and above ​R933,000 + 13% of the value above R10m